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A Computational Study of Two Novel Non-Steady Pressure Exchange Ejectors With Environmental Benefits and Energy Efficiency

[+] Author Affiliations
Woo Jong Hong, Hongfang Zhang, Charles A. Garris, Jr.

George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

Amer K. Ababneh

Al-Balga Applied University Engineering and Technology College, Amman, Jordan

Khaled Al-Hussan

King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology Space Research Institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Paper No. HT-FED2004-56370, pp. 735-742; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/HT-FED2004-56370
From:
  • ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference
  • Volume 2, Parts A and B
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, July 11–15, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4691-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3740-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME

abstract

The latest progress on the design and performance of two different types of novel supersonic pressure exchange ejectors for thermally driven ejector refrigeration systems are presented. One is an axial rotor-vane pressure-exchange ejector whose main component parts are a supersonic nozzle, a rotor with some wedged vanes, and a shroud diffuser. The other is a radial rotor-nozzle pressure-exchange ejector that includes a rotor with some canted nozzles, and two disc-shaped diffusers. The energy exchange, which occurs between the fluids throughout the pressure exchange ejectors, is shown by computational simulation with two commercial CFD packages, Tascflow and Fluent. This paper shows how the supersonic aerodynamics is managed to provide the desirable flow induction characteristics through computational study for both radial-flow and axial-flow supersonic pressure exchange ejectors. For axial-flow supersonic rotor-vane pressure exchange ejectors, three different spin-angles, 0°, 10°, and 20° are used to better understand aerodynamic performance of three-dimensional, complex, supersonic pressure-exchange ejectors and to enhance a strong foundation for the problem at hand. Even though the larger spin-angle and the more number of rotor vane produce better flow induction and mixing between primary flow and secondary flow, the rotor rotating speed closer to free spinning one is more essential to produce better flow induction and mixing between primary flow and secondary flow. Meanwhile practically severe mechanical difficulties were observed with supersonic radial-flow pressure exchange ejectors whose design concept was turned out aerodynamically great by computational study that allowed one to make some idealized assumption on it. Because of its radial vaneless diffuser, a supersonic pressure-exchange ejector with a free-spinning rotor can be aerodynamically highly desirable. It is less likely to have strong shocks, which is a source for detrimental effects on the ejector. The radial configuration provides the opportunity for utilizing yet another mode of energy exchange “extended pressure exchange” that has been newly re-identified.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME

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