0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Numerical Simulations of Dynamics of a Tunnel Fire

[+] Author Affiliations
Kedar Pathak, Kendrick Aung

Lamar University, Beaumont, TX

Paper No. HT-FED2004-56154, pp. 363-371; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/HT-FED2004-56154
From:
  • ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference
  • Volume 2, Parts A and B
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, July 11–15, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4691-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3740-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME

abstract

Study of fire in a tunnel is very important for fire safety. Increasing concerns over terrorism put a lot of focus on the fires in tunnels as they are used extensively in mass transit systems all over the world. A lot of experiments have been carried out to study the fire hazard, smoke movement, and the effects of ventilation on fire behavior. In this paper, dynamics of a ventilated tunnel fire have been simulated using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Software, CFX 5.6, from Ansys Inc. Simulations considers different models of turbulence and radiation heat transfer. Combustion of methane is modeled using the chemical reaction schemes available in the CFX software. Two turbulent models, k–ε and Shear Stress Transport, are considered. Radiant heat exchange between the species is modeled using P1 model available in CFX 5.6. The results of the simulation have highlighted the effects of ventilation on the fire and movement of harmful gases such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide. Comparison of simulated temperature fields and flame shape with the experimental data has shown good agreement.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In