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Drag Reduction Through Changes in Cabin Geometry and Trailer Gap of Heavy-Duty Trucks

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Lakshman, K. Aung

Lamar University, Beaumont, TX

Paper No. HT-FED2004-56384, pp. 769-774; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/HT-FED2004-56384
From:
  • ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference
  • Volume 1
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, July 11–15, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4690-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3740-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME

abstract

Reduction of aerodynamic drag of heavy-duty trucks can significantly save fuel costs and US dependence on the imported oil. Reduction of aerodynamic drag by 30% can result in fuel cost savings in billions of dollars every year. Aerodynamic drag of truck depends on the frontal cross-sectional area and the speed of the vehicle. In addition, the gap between the cabin and the trailer significantly affect the drag of the truck. This paper investigates how changes in the cabin geometry and the trailer gap can reduce the aerodynamic drag using numerical simulations. The numerical simulations were carried out using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software, CFX-5.5, from AEA Technologies (now owned by ANSYS). Effects of vehicle speed, cabin geometry, and trailer gap on the aerodynamic drag were investigated.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME

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