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Context Dependent Contact Preserving Off-Line Model Simplification for Interactive Rigid Body Dynamics Simulations

[+] Author Affiliations
Atul D. Thakur, Satyandra K. Gupta

University of Maryland-College Park, College Park, MD

Paper No. DETC2009-87119, pp. 83-93; 11 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 29th Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Parts A and B
  • San Diego, California, USA, August 30–September 2, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4899-9 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3856-3
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Rigid body dynamics simulations require use of accurate computation of contacts among bodies. Often collision detection algorithms are used for determining the contact between moving bodies. Many mechanical parts have a large number of features and hence collision detection with the detailed part models often slows down the rigid body dynamics simulations. Model simplification techniques developed for efficient graphical rendering may change the part geometry in such a manner that the contact points between parts may change as a result of the simplification. Hence, such simplifications may alter the resulting simulated behavior. In many simulation scenarios, all the parts participating in the simulation are known in advance. In such cases, the simulation context (i.e., a priori knowledge of parts) can be exploited to simplify the part geometries such that the contact points among parts do not change. For example, parts with significant concavities may have regions on their boundaries that will be inaccessible to other parts in the simulation and hence contact points cannot lie on such inaccessible regions. Removing such regions from the parts can simplify the model and hence speed up the simulation for interactive applications.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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