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Efficient Analysis of 3-D Plates via Algebraic Reduction

[+] Author Affiliations
Vikalp Mishra, Krishnan Suresh

University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI

Paper No. DETC2009-87031, pp. 75-82; 8 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 29th Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Parts A and B
  • San Diego, California, USA, August 30–September 2, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4899-9 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3856-3
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


3-D finite element analysis (3-D FEA) is not generally recommended for analyzing thin structures such as plates and shells. Instead, a variety of highly efficient and specialized 2-D numerical methods have been developed for analyzing such structures. However, 2-D methods pose serious automation challenges in today’s 3-D design environment. In this paper, we propose an efficient yet easily automatable 3-D algebraic reduction method for analyzing thin plates. The proposed method exploits standard off-the-shelf finite element packages, and it achieves high computational efficiency through an algebraic reduction process. In the reduction process, a 3-D plate bending stiffness matrix is constructed from a 3-D mesh, and then projected onto a lower-dimensional space by appealing to standard 2-D plate-theories. Algebraic reduction offers the best of both worlds in that it is computationally efficient, and yet easy to automate. The proposed methodology is substantiated through numerical experiments.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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