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Active Self-Excited Vibration Elimination of Rotating Machine With an Electromagnetic Exciter

[+] Author Affiliations
Chen-Chao Fan, Min-Chun Pan

National Central University, Jhongli, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Paper No. DETC2009-86405, pp. 999-1008; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2009-86405
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1: 22nd Biennial Conference on Mechanical Vibration and Noise, Parts A and B
  • San Diego, California, USA, August 30–September 2, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4898-2 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3856-3
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Journal bearings are commonly used in large rotary machineries because they have excellent mechanical and geometric properties as well as large load-carrying capacities. Nevertheless, the oil whirl and oil whip instabilities limit their applications due to their insufficient stiffness at high running speeds. This paper presents a method to increase the stiffness of a rotating machine using an electromagnetic exciter (EE), which can raise the threshold of instability of the rotating machine and eliminate fluid-induced instability. The EE is a controllable auxiliary device that can provide additional stiffness to the bearings to increase the operating ranges of a rotating machine, while the journal bearings act as load-carrying devices. Together, the EE complements the JB to stiffen the rotor system and raise the threshold of instability. A simple control scheme is used to calculate the amount of supplemental stiffness supplied by the EE. The experimental results demonstrate that the oil whirl and oil whip instabilities of the rotating machine can be eliminated effectively, even at higher running speeds. The advantage of the EE is to offer a faster, more stable method to eliminate fluid-induced instability.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Machinery , Vibration

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