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Control Concepts of Semi-Active Friction Dampers

[+] Author Affiliations
Lothar Gaul, Jens Becker

University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany

Paper No. DETC2009-86166, pp. 291-298; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2009-86166
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1: 22nd Biennial Conference on Mechanical Vibration and Noise, Parts A and B
  • San Diego, California, USA, August 30–September 2, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4898-2 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3856-3
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Reduction of structural vibrations is of major interest in mechanical engineering for lowering sound emission of vibrating structures, improving accuracy of machines and increasing structure durability. Besides design optimization and passive damping treatments, active structural vibration control can be applied to reduce unwanted vibrations. In this contribution, two semi-active control laws for control of friction dampers are derived and investigated in simulations and experiments. Thereby, semi-active control concepts have the advantage over active control to yield intrinsically stable closed-loop systems and low energy consumption. In the experimental implementation, the control makes use of piezoelectric stack actuators to apply adjustable normal forces between structure and attached friction dampers. The control uses an observer based on reduced finite-element models to estimate the unknown relative displacement beneath the normal force actuator from acceleration measurements. Experimental results of the control algorithms for a structure with attached friction damper show the effectiveness of the proposed control algorithms.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Friction , Dampers

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