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Thermo-Electro-Mechanical Shakedown Response of Conditioned Shape Memory Alloy Wires

[+] Author Affiliations
Christopher B. Churchill, John A. Shaw

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Paper No. SMASIS2009-1306, pp. 137-148; 12 pages
  • ASME 2009 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems
  • Volume 1: Active Materials, Mechanics and Behavior; Modeling, Simulation and Control
  • Oxnard, California, USA, September 21–23, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4896-8 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3857-0
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


The shakedown response of conditioned shape memory alloy wires (Flexinol® ) is examined experimentally during constant tension thermal cycles, at several load levels. Strain, temperature, and electrical resistivity are measured simultaneously using a specialized experimental setup that enables a relatively rapid temperature rate (1 °C/s) while preserving the temperature uniformity along the gauge length to less than 1.5 °C. Both elongation and electrical resistance are measured from the same local gauge length, allowing strain-corrected electrical resistivity to be inferred. The most repeatable behavior (least shakedown) occurs at the intermediate load of 191 MPa (consistent with the supplier’s maximum stress recommendation), with a small amount of shakedown (and some loss of two-way shape memory) at lower loads and progressively larger shakedown (strain ratcheting and reduction in hysteresis) at higher loads.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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