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Crack Sizing of Deep Cracks in Eddy Current Testing Using 3D Electromagnetic Field Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Toshiyuki Takagi, Tetsuya Uchimoto, Hisashi Endo

Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

Paper No. PVP2004-2835, pp. 185-190; 6 pages
  • ASME/JSME 2004 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Recent Advances in Nondestructive Evaluation Techniques for Material Science and Industries
  • San Diego, California, USA, July 25–29, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4679-2
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


A computer-aided approach of the eddy current testing (ECT) is described to detect and to size up deep cracks in thick metal structures. A 3D eddy current field analysis based on the finite elements performs designing ECT probes and evaluating the size of crack depth quantitatively. An exhaustive study on the ECT probe specification gives the optimal design of coil elements and their combination. The experimental verification shows that the developed ECT probe employing double exciting coils is capable of detecting crack depth over 10mm from the inspection surfaces. The depth of cracks is quantitatively evaluated from the measured ECT signals with the help of numerical calculation. The results of evaluation profile the crack shapes with fairly high accuracy, supporting our approach.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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