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Stress Analysis and the Sealing Performance Evaluation of Pipe Flange Connections With Gaskets Subjected to Internal Pressure and External Bending Moment: Effects of Scatter in Bolt Preload

[+] Author Affiliations
Toshiyuki Sawa, Wataru Maezaki

University of Yamanashi, Kofu, Yamanashi, Japan

Satoshi Nagata

Toyo Engineering Corporation, Narashino, Chiba, Japan

Paper No. PVP2004-2632, pp. 137-143; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2004-2632
From:
  • ASME/JSME 2004 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Analysis of Bolted Joints
  • San Diego, California, USA, July 25–29, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4673-3
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME

abstract

It has been well known that a scatter in axial bolt forces of pipe flange connections tightened by the torque control method is substantial. It is necessary for evaluating the sealing performance of the pipe flange connections with the gaskets subjected to internal pressure and external bending moment to know the contact gasket stress distributions due to the scatter of the axial bolt forces in the connections tightened by the torque control method. This paper deals with the leakage of the pipe flange connections with a spiral wound gasket subjected to internal pressure and external bending moment tightened by the torque control method. The scattered axial bolt forces were measured in the experiments. The contact gasket stress distributions at the interfaces between pipe flanges and the gasket were calculated under the measured axial bolt force by using elasto-plastic finite element method (FEM) taking into account hysteresis and non-linearity in the stress-strain curves of spiral wound gasket. The effects of the scatter in the axial bolt forces tightened by the torque control method on the gas leakage were also examined by using the actual pipe flange connections under internal pressure and external bending moment. By using the calculated contact stress distributions and the results of the leakage tests, the sealing performance was evaluated. It is found that the sealing performance is worse in the actual pipe flange connection than that evaluated by PVRC procedure.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME

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