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On Bias in To Values Derived With Compact and PCVN Specimens

[+] Author Affiliations
Mikhail A. Sokolov, Randy K. Nanstad

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

Paper No. PVP2004-2306, pp. 115-120; 6 pages
  • ASME/JSME 2004 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Fracture Methodologies and Manufacturing Processes
  • San Diego, California, USA, July 25–29, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4669-5
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


The Heavy-Section Steel Irradiation (HSSI) Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) includes a task to investigate the bias in the reference fracture toughness transition temperature values, To , derived with the pre-cracked Charpy (PCVN) and compact specimens. The PCVN specimen, as well as any other fracture toughness specimen that can be made out of the broken Charpy specimens, may have exceptional utility for the evaluation of RPV steels. The Charpy V-notch specimen is the most commonly used specimen geometry in surveillance programs. Precracking and testing of Charpy surveillance specimens would allow one to determine and monitor directly actual fracture toughness instead of requiring indirect predictions using correlations established with impact data. However, there are a growing number of indications that there might be a bias in To values derived from PCVN and compact specimens. The present paper summarizes data from the series of experiments that use subsize specimens for evaluation of the transition fracture toughness of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steels conducted within the HSSI Program. Two types of compact specimens and three types of three-point bend specimens from five RPV materials were used in these subsize experiments. The current results showed that To determined from PCVN specimens with width (W) to thickness (B) ratio W/B=1, on average, are lower than To determined from compact specimens with W/B=2. At the same time, three-point bend specimens with W/B=2 exhibited To values that were very similar to To values derived from compact specimens.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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