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Fatigue Crack Modeling and Simulation Based on Continuum Damage Mechanics

[+] Author Affiliations
Masakazu Takagaki

University of Tokyo, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan

Toshiya Nakamura

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. PVP2004-2993, pp. 201-207; 7 pages
  • ASME/JSME 2004 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Elevated Temperature Design and Analysis, Nonlinear Analysis, and Plastic Components
  • San Diego, California, USA, July 25–29, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4667-9
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


Numerical simulation of fatigue crack propagation based on fracture mechanics and conventional finite element method requires huge amount of computational resources when cracked structure is subjected to complicated condition such as the cases of multiple site damage or thermal fatigue. The objective of the present study is to resolve this difficulty by employing the continuum damage mechanics (CDM). An anisotropic damage variable is defined to model a macroscopic fatigue crack and its validity is examined by comparing the stress distributions around the crack with those obtained by an ordinary fracture mechanics method. Together with the assumptions on crack opening/closing and damage evolution, numerical simulations are conducted for low cycle fatigue crack propagation behaviors in a plate with single and two cracks. The results show good agreement with the experiments. Finally, propagations of multiply distributed cracks under low cycle fatigue loading are simulated to demonstrate the potential applicability of the present method.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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