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Mechansims for Wide-Chord Fan Blade Flutter

[+] Author Affiliations
Mehdi Vahdati, Mehmet Imregun

Imperial College London, London, UK

George Simpson

Rolls-Royce plc, Derby, UK

Paper No. GT2009-60098, pp. 585-593; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2009-60098
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 8–12, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4887-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3849-5
  • Copyright © 2009 by Rolls-Royce plc

abstract

This paper describes a detailed wide-chord fan blade flutter analysis with emphasis on flutter bite. The same fan was used with three different intakes of increasing complexity to explain flutter mechanisms. Two types of flutter, namely stall flutter and acoustic flutter, were identified. The first intake is a uniform cylinder for which there are no acoustic reflections. Only stall flutter, driven by flow separation, can exist in this case. The second intake, based on the first one, has a ‘bump’ feature to reflect the fan’s forward pressure wave at a known location so that detailed parametric studies can be undertaken. The analysis revealed a mechanism for acoustic flutter, which is driven by the phase of the reflected wave. The third intake has the typical geometric features of a flight intake. The results indicate that flutter bite occurs when both stall and acoustic flutter happen at the same speed. It is also found that blade stiffening has no effect on aero-acoustic flutter.

Copyright © 2009 by Rolls-Royce plc

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