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Design Methods of Friction Damping at Blade-Disk Joints

[+] Author Affiliations
Jie Hong, Lulu Chen, Yanhong Ma, Xin Yang

Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2009-59510, pp. 315-322; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2009-59510
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 8–12, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4887-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3849-5
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Friction at blade-disk joints is an important source of damping that reduces low frequency resonant amplitudes to acceptable levels in blade-disk assemblies. An effective method is proposed to predict nonlinear forced response of bladed disks taking account of the nonlinear force at blade-disk joints in frequency domain, which syncretizes the excellencies of harmonic balance method, dynamic softness method and tracking motion method. Constrained Mode Shapes are introduced to express the relative motion which occurs at the contact interfaces of blade roots. Compared to using free mode shapes, fewer number of constrained mode shapes is required in order to obtain the accurate resonant response of a system with friction dampers when the contact state is fully stick. It is more efficient to predict the nonlinear forced response of bladed disks taking account of the nonlinear force at blade-disk joints. Based on this method, the effect of Boundary Conditions on the resonant frequencies and forced response levels under different engine rotational speeds is investigated. Large error in the prediction of forced response levels under low engine rotational speed by using traditional methods is found. The effects of preload distribution at blade roots and excitation level are also investigated.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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