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Study of the Flow in Centrifugal Compressor

[+] Author Affiliations
C. Xu, R. S. Amano

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI

Paper No. GT2009-59029, pp. 343-349; 7 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 5: Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery; Oil and Gas Applications
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 8–12, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4886-9 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3849-5
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


An unshrouded centrifugal compressor would give up clearance very large in relation to the span of the blades, because centrifugal compressors produce a sufficiently large pressure rise in fewer stages. This problem is more acute for a low flow high-pressure ratio impeller. The large tip clearance would cause flow separations, and as a result it would drop both the efficiency and surge margin. Thus a design of a high efficiency and wide operation range for a centrifugal compressor is a great challenge. This paper describes a new development of high efficiency and a large surge margin flow coefficient of 0.145 centrifugal compressor. A viscous turbomachinery optimal design method developed by the authors for axial flow machine was further extended and used in this centrifugal compressor design. The new compressor has three main parts: impeller, a low solidity diffuser and volute. The tip clearance is under a special consideration in this design to allow impeller insensitiveness to the clearance. A three-dimensional low solidity diffuser design method is proposed and applied to this design. This design demonstrated to be successful to extend the low solidarity diffusers to high-pressure ratio compressor. The design performance range showed the total to static efficiency of the compressor being about 85% and stability range over 35%. The experimental results showed that the test results are in good agreement with the design.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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