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Single and Two Shaft Gas Turbine Configurations Performance Analysis, Using Different Types of Fuels

[+] Author Affiliations
A. K. Malkogianni, A. Tourlidakis

University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece

A. L. Polyzakis

Technological Educational Institute of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece

Paper No. GT2009-59805, pp. 639-645; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2009-59805
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Cycle Innovations; Industrial and Cogeneration; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Marine
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 8–12, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4885-2 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3849-5
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Coal gas and biofuels as alternative fuels have recently become more attractive, because of their benefits, especially in electrical power industry. The major obstruction to their use is the relatively low calorific values. This paper presents a comprehensive simulation method for calculating the adiabatic temperature of various fuels when they are used in combustion chambers under constant pressure. The adiabatic temperature is presented as a function of combustion fuel air ratios and the fuels low calorific values. In addition, the utilization of various gaseous fuels in single shaft and two shaft gas turbine engines is analyzed. This analysis includes the design point (DP) and off-design (OD) performance of the two engines. The calorific values of the four gases investigated correspond to natural gas (NG) and to fuels with significantly lower calorific values than that of NG (coal synthetic gases, biofuels). Two main conclusions are drawn from this analysis. Firstly, for both single shaft and two shaft engines and for a given turbine entry temperature (TET), both power and thermal efficiency are increasing when fuels with decreasing calorific value are burnt. Secondly, for both single shaft and two shaft engines and for a given power, the thermal efficiency is slightly reduced.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Fuels , Gas turbines

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