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Application of the Geared Turbofan With Constant Volume Combustor on Short-Range Aircraft: A Feasibility Study

[+] Author Affiliations
Fernando Colmenares Quintero, Rob Brink, Stephen Ogaji, Pericles Pilidis

Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, UK

Juan Carlos Colmenares Quintero

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA

Alexander García Quintero

Escuela Colombiana de Carreras Industriales, Bogotá, Colombia

Paper No. GT2009-59096, pp. 43-57; 15 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2009-59096
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Cycle Innovations; Industrial and Cogeneration; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Marine
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 8–12, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4885-2 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3849-5
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Recently a considerable effort was made to understand the gas- and thermodynamics of wave rotor combustion technology. Pressure-gain combustors potentially have superior performance over conventional combustors due to their unsteady flow behaviour. Wave rotor combustion provides semi-constant volume combustion and could be integrated in the steady-flow gas turbine. However, a feasibility study to assess the economical and environmental aspects of this concept has not been conducted for short-range missions. Preliminary Multidisciplinary Design Framework was developed to assess novel and radical engine cycles. The tool comprises modules to evaluate noise, emissions and environmental impact. Uncertainty can be accounted for with Monte Carlo simulation. The geared turbofan with constant volume combustor is simulated and benchmarked against a baseline geared turbofan engine. Results indicate that the former complies with CAEP/6 and FAR Part 36 regulations for noise and emissions. Furthermore, acquisition cost of the engine is higher, but engine direct operating cost decreases by 25.2%. The technology requires further development to meet future noise and emissions requirements.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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