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Impact of Swirl Fluctuations on the Flame Response of a Perfectly Premixed Swirl Burner

[+] Author Affiliations
Thomas Komarek, Wolfgang Polifke

Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany

Paper No. GT2009-60100, pp. 845-853; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2009-60100
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 8–12, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4883-8 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3849-5
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Combustion instabilities represent a long known problem in combustion technology. The complex interactions between acoustics and turbulent swirling flames are not fully understood yet, making it very difficult to reliably predict the stability of new combustion systems. For example, the effects of fluctuations of swirl number on the heat release of the flame have to be investigated in more detail. In this paper a perfectly premixed, swirl stabilized burner with variable axial position of the swirl generator is investigated. In experiments, the position of the swirl generator has a strong impact on the dynamic flame response, although it does not influence the time-averaged distribution of the heat release significantly. This phenomenon is further investigated, using computational fluid dynamics combined with system identification. The generation of fluctuations of swirl number, their propagation to the flame, and their effect on the dynamic flame response are examined. A simple model based on convective time lags is developed, showing good agreement with experiments.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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