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Transient Leak Detection in Crude Oil Pipelines

[+] Author Affiliations
Rainer Beushausen, Stefan Tornow, Harald Borchers

Nord-West Oelleitung GmbH, Wilhelmshaven, Germany

Keefe Murphy, Jun Zhang

ATMOS International Limited, Manchester, UK

Paper No. IPC2004-0766, pp. 2285-2294; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC2004-0766
From:
  • 2004 International Pipeline Conference
  • 2004 International Pipeline Conference, Volumes 1, 2, and 3
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, October 4–8, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4176-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3737-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME

abstract

This paper addresses the specific issues of transient leak detection in crude oil pipelines. When a leak occurs immediately after pumps are switched on or off, the pressure wave generated by the transients dominates the pressure wave that results from the leak. Traditional methods have failed to detect such leaks. Over the years, NWO has developed and implemented various leak detection systems both in-house and by commercial vendors. These systems work effectively under steady-state conditions but they are not able to detect leaks during transients. As it is likely for a leak to develop during transients, NWO has decided to have the ATMOS Pipe statistical leak detection system installed on their pipelines. This paper describes the application of this statistical system to two crude oil pipeline systems. After addressing the main difficulties of transient leaks, the field results will be presented for both steady-state and transient conditions.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME

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