Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

A Practical Implementation of Pressure Transient Analysis in Leak Localization in Pipelines

[+] Author Affiliations
H. A. Warda, I. G. Adam, A. B. Rashad

Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Paper No. IPC2004-0551, pp. 2193-2200; 8 pages
  • 2004 International Pipeline Conference
  • 2004 International Pipeline Conference, Volumes 1, 2, and 3
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, October 4–8, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4176-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3737-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


In the present study, a more realistic approach for using pressure transient analysis in leak detection and localization is proposed. In a previous publication [1] by the authors, the feasibility of using pressure transients, generated by full closure of a downstream solenoid control ball valve, in leak detection and localization is investigated. The main shortcoming of using the full closure of a downstream valve is the very high pressure rise that may reach 14 times the operating pressure. Also, full valve closure yields to discontinue the whole pipeline flow. In the present paper, a controlled partial downstream or upstream valve closure is used as a mean of generating pressure transients to overcome the above drawbacks. The percentage of the valve closure is controlled to reduce the pipeline flow rate by 20–80%. Pressure transients generated by a partial valve closure are investigated experimentally and numerically. The experimental setup consists of a 60 m long and 25.4 mm internal diameter PVC pipelines connecting two tanks. Leaks are simulated at different locations along the pipeline to investigate the effect of leak positions. The pressure time history is recorded using piezoelectric pressure transducers located at five equidistance points along the pipeline connected to a Data Acquisition System. Experiments are carried out for different leak quantities ranging from 2% to 20% of the pipe flow rate. The numerical model accounts for complex pipe characteristics, such as unsteady friction and viscoelastic behavior of pipe walls. The leak is treated as a flow through an orifice of prescribed size. The numerical model is experimentally verified to insure the capability of the model in accounting for unsteady and viscoelastic complex phenomena and efficiently simulating pressure transients in the presence of a leak.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In