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Modified Equation to Predict Leak/Rupture Criteria for Axially Through-Wall Notched X80 and X100 Linepipes Having Higher Charpy Energy

[+] Author Affiliations
Shinobu Kawaguchi, Naoto Hagiwara

Tokyo Gas Company, Ltd., Yokohama, Japan

Mitsuru Ohata, Masao Toyoda

Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Paper No. IPC2004-0322, pp. 1823-1832; 10 pages
  • 2004 International Pipeline Conference
  • 2004 International Pipeline Conference, Volumes 1, 2, and 3
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, October 4–8, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4176-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3737-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


A method of predicting the leak/rupture criteria for API 5L X80 and X100 linepipes was evaluated, based on the results of hydrostatic full-scale tests for X60, X65, X80 and X100 linepipes with an axially through-wall (TW) notch. The TW notch test results clarified the leak/rupture criteria, that is, the relationship between the initial notch lengths and the maximum hoop stresses during the TW notch tests. The obtained leak/rupture criteria were then compared to the prediction of the Charpy V-notch (CVN) absorbed energy-based equation, which has been proposed by Kiefner et al. The comparison revealed that the CVN-based equation was not applicable to the pipes having a CVN energy (Cv ) greater than 130 J and flow stress greater than X65. In order to predict the leak/rupture criteria for these linepipes, the static absorbed energy for ductile cracking, (Cvs )i , was introduced as representing the fracture toughness of a pipe material. The (Cvs )i value was determined from the microscopic observation of the cut and buffed Charpy V-notch specimens after static 3-point bending tests. The CVN energy in the original CVN-based equation was replaced by an equivalent CVN energy, (Cv )eq’ which was defined as follows: (Cv )eq = 4.5 (Cvs )i . The leak/rupture criteria for the X80 and X100 linepipes with higher CVN energies were reasonably predicted by the modified equation using the (Cvs )i value.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Topics: Equations , Rupture , Leakage



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