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Prediction of Corrosion Defect Failure Pressure for Finite Length Defects

[+] Author Affiliations
Duane S. Cronin

University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada

Paper No. IPC2004-0692, pp. 1303-1311; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC2004-0692
From:
  • 2004 International Pipeline Conference
  • 2004 International Pipeline Conference, Volumes 1, 2, and 3
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, October 4–8, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4176-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3737-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME

abstract

Corrosion defects commonly occur on operating pipelines due to a loss of protection in a corrosive environment. These defects require practical and accurate assessment, particularly for older pipeline systems, to determine the need for remediation or allow for continued operation. Previous research has shown that appropriate application of full three-dimensional finite element analysis, and newly developed analytical approaches, can provide very accurate predictions of failure pressure but require detailed material and geometric data. Although this is important, a simpler method that allows for efficient evaluation of large amounts of data is also desirable. A method has been developed from an existing analytical solution by assuming a defect can be characterized in terms of the total defect length, and a constant defect depth equal to the maximum defect depth. In general this produces a conservative estimate of the material loss. This finite-length defect solution is in good agreement with experimental data for idealized defects, and provides reasonable predictions of burst pressure, with a minimum amount of data, when applied to real corrosion defects.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME

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