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The Use of Hot-Isostatic Pressing to Process Nuclear Waste Forms

[+] Author Affiliations
Martin W. A. Stewart, Sam A. Moricca, Tina Eddowes, Yingjie Zhang, Eric R. Vance, Gregory R. Lumpkin, Melody L. Carter

ANSTO, Lucas Heights, NSW, Australia

Mark Dowson, Michael James

Sellafield Ltd., Sellafield, Cumbria, UK

Paper No. ICEM2009-16253, pp. 611-616; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEM2009-16253
From:
  • ASME 2009 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management
  • ASME 2009 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, Volume 1
  • Liverpool, UK, October 11–15, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division and Environmental Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4407-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3865-X
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

ANSTO has developed a combination of tailored nuclear waste form chemistries coupled with the use of flexible hot-isostatic pressing processing technology to enable the successful incorporation of problematic nuclear wastes into dense, durable monoliths. This combined package also enables the design of waste forms with waste loadings well in excess of those achievable via baseline melting routes using borosilicate glass, as hot-isostatic pressing is not constrained by factors such as glass viscosity, crystallisation and electrical conductivity. In this paper we will discuss some of our experiences with problematic wastes, namely plutonium wastes, sludges and HLW such as the Idaho calcines.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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