Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

The Effect of Surface Roughness on the Erosion of Mild Steel

[+] Author Affiliations
Stacy A. Nelson, Michael J. Baker, William F. Deans

University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK

Paper No. IPC2004-0165, pp. 803-810; 8 pages
  • 2004 International Pipeline Conference
  • 2004 International Pipeline Conference, Volumes 1, 2, and 3
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, October 4–8, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4176-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3737-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


This paper investigates the relationship between the surface roughness parameter, Ra , and the erosion of the material surface. Jet impingement tests were carried out on the surface of mild steel plates at an impact angle of 30 degrees to the material surface. The erosion test rig utilised sand as the erodent at a concentration of 2%wt, with average particle size of 270 μm. The average surface roughness Ra , of the test specimens ranged from 0.07 μm to 1.14 μm. The erosion damage was assessed by a unique application of the surface profilometry technique. In addition, by using Fast Fourier Transforms to convert the surface profile scans into wave-number spectra, the changes in the material surface after erosion exposure were easily monitored. The investigation showed that the surface roughness parameter plays a significant role in the erosion process, particularly in the initial stages. The operating conditions of the impinging jet were associated with an equilibrium condition, both for the surface roughness and the eroded depth. As a result, materials having an initial surface roughness value greater than the equilibrium Rae value showed a decrease in surface roughness, whereas those having an initial value less than the equilibrium value showed an increase in surface roughness. This trend was confirmed by the changes in the amplitudes of the wave-number spectra for each plate, over the erosion period. The eroded depth was maximum for the plate having the smallest difference between the initial Ra value and the equilibrium value Rae . This subsequently decreased as the deviation from the equilibrium value was increased.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In