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Separation of Lanthanide Fission Products in a Eutectic Waste Salts Delivered From Pyroprocessing of a Spent Oxide Fuel by Using Lab-Scale Oxidative Precipitation Apparatus

[+] Author Affiliations
Yung-Zun Cho, In-Tae Kim, Hee-Chul Yang, Hwan-Seo Park, Han-Soo Lee

KAERI - Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea

Paper No. ICEM2009-16127, pp. 299-302; 4 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEM2009-16127
From:
  • ASME 2009 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management
  • ASME 2009 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, Volume 1
  • Liverpool, UK, October 11–15, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division and Environmental Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4407-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3865-X
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Co-precipitation experiments of lanthanides were carried out using this lab-scale apparatus (4kg-salt/batch). As lanthanides, 8 lanthanide elements (Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd) were used. By reaction with oxygen, these 8 lanthanide chlorides were converted their oxide (REO2 , RE2 O3 ) or oxychloride form. Since these lanthanide oxides or oxychlorides are nearly molten salt insoluble, they all were precipitated by free settling in the bottom of molten salt bed, where about 7–8 hrs precipitation time was requested. It was found that in the conditions of 700 °C - 12 hours sparging time and 5 L/min, all the used lanthanide elements showed over 99.5% oxidation efficiency. But in case of 800 °C molten salt temperature only after 7 hours they showed over 99% oxidation efficiency.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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