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The Development and Use of T2GGM: A Gas Modelling Code for the Postclosure Safety Assessment of OPG’s Proposed L&ILW Deep Geologic Repository, Canada

[+] Author Affiliations
Paul Suckling

Quintessa Ltd., Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, UK

Nicola Calder

Intera Engineering Ltd., Ottawa, ON, Canada

Paul Humphreys

University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, UK

Fraser King

Integrity Corrosion Consulting Ltd., Nanaimo, BC, Canada

Helen Leung

Nuclear Waste Management Organization, Toronto, ON, Canada

Paper No. ICEM2009-16291, pp. 29-38; 10 pages
  • ASME 2009 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management
  • ASME 2009 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, Volume 1
  • Liverpool, UK, October 11–15, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division and Environmental Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4407-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3865-X
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


As part of the postclosure safety assessment of Ontario Power Generation’s (OPG’s) proposed Deep Geologic Repository (DGR) for Low and Intermediate Level Waste (L&ILW) at the Bruce site, Ontario, a Gas Generation Model (GGM) has been developed and used to model the detailed generation of gas within the DGR due to corrosion and microbial degradation of the organics and metals present. The GGM is based on a kinetic description of the various microbial and corrosion processes that lead to the generation and consumption of various gases. It takes into account the mass-balance equations for each of the species included in the model, including three forms of organic waste (cellulose, ionexchange resins, and plastics and rubbers), four metallic waste forms and container materials (carbon and galvanised steel, passivated carbon steel, stainless steel and nickel-based alloys, and zirconium alloys), six gases (CO2 , N2 , O2 , H2 , H2 S, and CH4 ), five terminal electron acceptors (O2 , NO3, Fe(III), SO42−, and CO2 ), five forms of biomass (aerobes, denitrifiers, iron reducers, sulphate reducers, and methanogens), four types of corrosion product (FeOOH, FeCO3 , Fe3 O4 , and FeS), and water. The code includes the possibility of the limitation of both microbial and corrosion reactions by the availability of water. The GGM has been coupled with TOUGH2 to produce T2GGM; a code that models the generation of gas in the repository and its subsequent transport through the geosphere. T2GGM estimates the peak repository pressure, long time repository saturation and the total flux of gases from the geosphere. The present paper describes the development of T2GGM and the numerical modelling work undertaken to calculate the generation and build-up of gas in the repository, the two-phase exchange of gas and groundwater between the repository and the surrounding rock, and between the rock and the surface environment. The results have been used to inform the safety assessment modelling.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Safety , Modeling



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