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Modelling Long-Term Corrosion of Cemented Waste Forms in Salt Brines

[+] Author Affiliations
Bernhard Kienzler, Volker Metz

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany

Paper No. ICEM2009-16202, pp. 1-7; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEM2009-16202
From:
  • ASME 2009 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management
  • ASME 2009 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, Volume 1
  • Liverpool, UK, October 11–15, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division and Environmental Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4407-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3865-X
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Since 1979, leaching and corrosion experiments have been performed at the Asse II salt mine using simulated full-scale cemented waste forms. The cement blocks, doped with 137 Cs and uranium, have been exposed to saturated salt brines. The brines have been sampled regularly and analysed with respect to the mobilized radionuclides, pH, and major solution components. In 2006, four of the cement blocks samples were recovered and solid samples were obtained by drilling vertically into the corroded cement forms. The drill cores as well as abraded drill dust were analysed with respect to chemical and mineralogical compositions, distributions of radionuclides and major waste components, thermogravimetric and mechanical properties. Results of these methods show consistently that cement forms, having an initial W/C = 0.5, were homogeneously corroded in MgCl2 rich brine. No vertical or radial variations were found with respect to major chemical components and mineral phases. In the cement blocks corroded in NaCl saturated brine, spatial heterogeneities in the distribution of major anions (chloride, nitrate) and the trace cation Cs+ show that these cement / NaCl systems have not been completely homogenized within 22 years. Concentration profiles of Cl− , NO3 and Cs+ were compared with calculated profiles to quantify diffusion coefficients and to get information on the kinetics of relevant processes. Simulations of chemical alteration of the cement / brine system indicate that both MgCl2 -rich and NaCl systems are close to equilibrium with respect to stabilities of secondary mineral phases.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Corrosion , Modeling

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