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Falling-Film Absorption Around Microchannel Tube Banks

[+] Author Affiliations
Ananda Krishna Nagavarapu, Srinivas Garimella

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

Paper No. IMECE2011-63094, pp. 475-486; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-63094
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat and Mass Transport Processes, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5496-9
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

An experimental investigation of heat and mass transfer in a falling-film absorber with microchannel tube arrays was conducted. Liquid ammonia-water solution flows in a falling-film mode around an array of small diameter coolant tubes, while vapor flows upward through the tube array counter-current to the falling film. This absorber was installed in a test facility consisting of all components of a functional single-effect absorption chiller, including a desorber, rectifier, condenser, evaporator, solution heat exchanger, and refrigerant pre-cooler, to obtain realistic operating conditions at the absorber and to account for the influence of the other components in the system. Unlike studies in the literature on bench-top, single-component, single-pressure test stands, here the experiments were conducted on the absorber at vapor, solution, and coupling fluid conditions representative of space-conditioning systems in the heating and cooling modes. Absorption measurements were taken over a wide range of solution flow rates, concentrations, and coupling fluid temperatures, which simulated operation of thermally activated absorption systems at different cooling capacities and ambient conditions. These measurements are used to interpret the effects of solution and vapor flow rates, concentrations, and coupling fluid conditions on the respective heat and mass transfer coefficients.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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