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Effect of Flow Arrangements on Thermohydraulic Performance of a Microchannel Heat Sink

[+] Author Affiliations
Satbir S. Sehgal

Continental Institute of Engineering & Technology, PB, India

Krishnan Murugesan

Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, UL, India

S. K. Mohapatra

Thapar University, Patiala, PB, India

Paper No. MNHMT2009-18016, pp. 13-19; 7 pages
  • ASME 2009 Second International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer
  • ASME 2009 Second International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer, Volume 3
  • Shanghai, China, December 18–21, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4391-8 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3864-8
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


The advancements in fabricating and utilizing microchannel heat sinks (MCHS) for cooling of electronic devices during the last decade has not been matched by corresponding advances in our fundamental understanding of the unconventional micro fluidics. Many theoretical and experimental studies have been reported for the heat transfer analysis along the direction of flow within the microchannels, but to the best knowledge of the authors, the effect of the size of the inlet and outlet plenum and direction of the flow to the plenums was not studied exhaustively till date. The liquid is supplied to the microchannels via the inlet and outlet plenums and this can be achieved by many flow arrangements. Due to the small size of the channel dimensions, the entrance and exit conditions will significantly affect the heat transfer characteristics of the flow field in the channel. Instability effects at the entrance and exit regions of the micro-channel also need to be fully understood for efficient design of microchannel heat sinks. This paper presents an experimental study that has been conducted to explore the effect of entrance & exit conditions of the liquid flow within a copper micro-channel heat sink (MCHS). Three test pieces having inlet & outlet plenum dimensions of 8mm × 30mm, 10mm × 30 mm and 12 mm × 30 mm each with constant depth of 2.5 mm have been selected. Three different flow arrangements (U-Type, S-type and P-type) are studied for each test piece resulting in total nine flow arrangements. Each micro-channel heat sink contains an array of micro-channels in parallel having individual width of 330μm and channel depth of 2.5 mm. A comparison is made based on thermohydraulic performance of MCHS for different flow conditions at inlet and outlet plenums maintaining constant heat flux. Deionised water has been used in the experiments for the Reynolds number ranging from approximately 220 to 1100. The results are interpreted based on pressure drops and maximum temperature variations for these nine flow arrangements. Tests has been conducted to look for optimized dimensions and flow conditions at inlet and outlet plenums for the given fixed length of microchannels under same conjugate heat transfer conditions. Evaluations of experimental uncertainties have been meticulously made while selecting the instruments used in the experimental facility.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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