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Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment for the Operators of Stand-Up Forklifts

[+] Author Affiliations
Ben T. Railsback, Richard M. Ziernicki

Knott Laboratory, LLC, Centennial, CO

Paper No. IMECE2008-66427, pp. 237-242; 6 pages
  • ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 16: Safety Engineering, Risk Analysis and Reliability Methods
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, October 31–November 6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4877-7 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3840-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Past studies have indicated that the greatest risk that a forklift operator faces is the hazard of an overturning forklift crushing the operator. This conclusion has been developed largely based on accident experience with sit-down forklifts. In contrast, this paper examines a data set of approximately 3,000 stand-up lift truck accidents (rather than sit-down forklifts) and finds that the operator of a stand-up lift truck is at greater risk of being involved in a collision with a stationary object than at risk for an accident involving the stability of the forklift. Greater than 50% of the approximately 3,000 accidents studied involved a collision between a stand-up forklift and a stationary object, resulting in approximately 700 serious injuries and 22 deaths of stand-up forklift operators. This paper will also identify the hazards associated with the use of stand-up lift trucks and the statistical likelihood of the hazard based on the approximately 3,000 accident data set.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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