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The Rate (Time)–Dependent Mechanical Behavior of the PMR-15 Thermoset Polymer at Temperatures in the 274–316 °C Range: Experiments and Modeling

[+] Author Affiliations
C. E. C. Ryther, M. B. Ruggles-Wrenn

Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH

Paper No. IMECE2011-63117, pp. 61-70; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-63117
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8: Mechanics of Solids, Structures and Fluids; Vibration, Acoustics and Wave Propagation
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5494-5

abstract

The inelastic deformation behavior of the PMR-15 neat resin, a high-temperature thermoset polymer, was investigated at temperatures in the 274–316 °C range. The experimental program was designed to explore the influence of strain rate on monotonic loading at various temperatures. In addition, the effects of prior strain rate on relaxation response and on creep behavior following strain controlled loading were examined at temperatures in the range of interest. Positive, nonlinear strain rate sensitivity is observed in monotonic loading at all temperatures investigated. Both relaxation behavior and creep are profoundly influenced by prior strain rate at all temperatures. The time-dependent mechanical behavior of the PMR-15 polymer is also strongly affected by temperature. The elastic modulus decreases and the departure from quasi-linear behavior is accelerated with increasing temperature. Stress levels in the region of inelastic flow decrease as the temperature increases. The relaxation behavior as well as the creep response is strongly influenced by temperature. The viscoplasticity theory based on overstress (VBO) is augmented to model the effects of temperature on the inelastic deformation behavior of PMR-15. VBO is a unified state variable theory with growth laws for three state variables: the equilibrium stress, the kinematic stress and the isotropic stress. Based on experimental findings several VBO model parameters are developed as functions of temperature. The augmented model is employed to predict the response of the material under both strain- and stress-controlled loading histories at temperatures in the range of interest. Comparison with experimental data demonstrates that the augmented VBO successfully predicts the inelastic deformation behavior of PMR-15 polymer under various loading histories at temperatures between 274 and 316 °C.

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