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Numerical Simulation on Heat Transfer Characteristics of Turbulent Gas Flow in Micro-Tubes

[+] Author Affiliations
Kyohei Isobe, Chungpyo Hong, Ichiro Ueno

Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba, Japan

Yutaka Asako

Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2011-64513, pp. 1111-1119; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-64513
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 6: Fluids and Thermal Systems; Advances for Process Industries, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5492-1
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Numerical simulations were performed to obtain for heat transfer characteristics of turbulent gas flow in micro-tubes with constant wall temperature. The numerical methodology was based on Arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerinan (ALE) method to solve compressible momentum and energy equations. The Lam-Bremhorst Low-Reynolds number turbulence model was employed to evaluate eddy viscosity coefficient and turbulence energy. The tube diameter ranges from 100 μm to 400 μm and the aspect ratio of the tube diameter and the length is fixed at 200. The stagnation temperature is fixed at 300 K and the computations were done for wall temperature, which ranges from 305 K to 350 K. The stagnation pressure was chosen in such a way that the flow is in turbulent flow regime. The obtained Reynolds number ranges widely up to 10081 and the Mach number at the outlet ranges from 0.1 to 0.9. The heat transfer rates obtained by the present study are higher than those of the incompressible flow. This is due to the additional heat transfer near the micro-tube outlet caused by the energy conversion into kinetic energy.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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