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Unsteady Lift of Thick Airfoils in Turbulent Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
Peter D. Lysak, Dean E. Capone, Michael L. Jonson

Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA

Paper No. IMECE2009-11414, pp. 57-63; 7 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 15: Sound, Vibration and Design
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4388-8 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Measurements of the unsteady lift forces acting on airfoils in turbulent flow were made to determine the effect of thickness on the gust response and validate a previously developed analytical model. A family of NACA 65-series uncambered airfoils with a range of thickness-to-chord ratios were tested in a water tunnel with grid-generated turbulence. Piezoelectric force gages were used to measure the spectral density of the unsteady lift, and the system was calibrated using an impulse force hammer. An accelerometer-based multiple coherence noise removal technique was employed to eliminate background noise contamination from the facility. The experimental results are shown to agree well with an analytical model of the unsteady lift based on turbulence ingestion theory and an incompressible gust response which accounts for airfoil thickness.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Turbulence , Airfoils



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