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A Multifunctional MWCNT Composite: Strain Sensing, Damping and Application to Structural Vibration Control

[+] Author Affiliations
Xiaohua Li, Cesar Levy, Ming Li, Anup Kumar Keshri, Arvind Agarwal

Florida International University, Miami, FL

Paper No. IMECE2009-11599, pp. 323-334; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-11599
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 14: Processing and Engineering Applications of Novel Materials
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4387-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

The goal of this work is to develop and investigate the properties of a new type of multifunctional composite which is based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). The composite was prepared from a paper like MWCNT film which was sandwiched between two adhesive layers. Both two point probe and four point probe methods were used to test its mechanical strain sensing properties. The Young’s modulus and shear modulus of MWCNT film composite were acquired by the nanoindentation test and direct shear test. A free vibration test was also performed to investigate its structural damping properties. A new model/configuration for sandwich structural vibration control was then proposed based on the MWCNT experiments results. In this new configuration, a cantilever beam covered with MWCNT composite on the top and one layer of shape memory alloy (SMA) on the bottom was used to illustrate this concept. The MWCNT composite simultaneously serves as free layer damping and strain sensor, and the SMA acts as actuator. Simple on-off controller was designed for controlling the temperature of the SMA so as to control the SMA recovery stress as input and the system stiffness. Both free and forced vibrations were analyzed. Simulation work showed that this new configuration for sandwich structural vibration control was successful especially for low frequency system.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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