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Effects of High Initial Engine Start Up Speeds in Isothermal Fluid Flow and Piston Skirts EHL

[+] Author Affiliations
Syed Adnan Qasim, M. Afzaal Malik

National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Rawalpindi, PB, Pakistan

Paper No. IMECE2011-62566, pp. 47-56; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-62566
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 6: Fluids and Thermal Systems; Advances for Process Industries, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5492-1
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

In the medium and high speed normal engine operating conditions a fully established elastohydrodynamic lubricating (EHL) film between the piston skirts and cylinder liner surfaces reduces friction and prevents adhesive wear. In the initial engine start up the absence of EHL film causes wear of piston skirts, especially at high speeds. In a few initial cold engine start up cycles, a highly efficient cooling system may not let the temperature to rise significantly and affect the viscosity and other characteristics of a lubricant. In view of the vulnerability of piston skirts to adhesive wear at high initial engine start up speeds, the hydrodynamic and EHL of piston skirts is modeled numerically. A 2-D Reynolds equation is solved by coupling the secondary piston motion and using a finite difference scheme. Transient hydrodynamic film thickness profiles are generated at a relatively high engine start up speed. In the EHL regime, the profiles of rising hydrodynamic pressures and film thicknesses are predicted by using the inverse solution technique in fully flooded conditions. The study is extended to a range of high engine start up speeds while using a fairly viscous engine lubricant. Numerical simulations show significant changes in the piston eccentricities and film thickness profiles in the hydrodynamic and EHL regimes at different start up speeds. Such variations alter the hydrodynamic and EHL pressures and visibly affect the load carrying capacity of the lubricant. This study suggests to optimize the high engine start up speed for the given viscosity grade engine lubricant when considering the vulnerability of skirts and liner surfaces to adhesive wear in the initial engine start up.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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