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Dynamic Response of Underwater Structures Subject to Impact Loads

[+] Author Affiliations
Lingyu Sun, Weiwei Chen, Ning Kang, Bin Xu, Dayong Hu

Beihang University, Beijing, China

Xiaojie Wang

University of Nevada, Reno, NV

Paper No. IMECE2011-62362, pp. 39-46; 8 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 6: Fluids and Thermal Systems; Advances for Process Industries, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5492-1
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


The present paper studied the dynamic response of an underwater system with its navigation plate rotated relative to the main body until it was blocked by an energy absorber. In this process, the relation between fluid-driving moment and speed of main body, as well as the relation between rotation angle of the plate and design parameters of absorber, was investigated through combined finite element method and finite volume method. Before the plate contacted with the energy absorber, it was modeled by linear elastic material, the movement process was solved by finite volume method with dynamic boundary. When the plate started to contact and crash with the absorber, it was modeled by elastic-plastic material, and the interaction of fluid-structure coupling was simulated by explicit finite element method in LSDYNA and finite volume method in FLUENT. The two-way data exchange on the interface between fluid and structure was carried out through equivalent force and moment on each patch of the interface. In addition, the simulation accuracy on large plastic deformation of absorber was verified through a group of drop hammer experiments. After the energy absorber was crushed to ultimate shape, the open angle of plate reached the maximum value and the plate kept relative static to the rigid body. The maximum structural stress and deformation, the opening time and angle of the plate were evaluated by numerical method. It is demonstrated that the proposed method can effectively predict the dynamic response of underwater system under impact loads, and both the absorption capability of the block and the speed of moving body affect the dynamic response history and structural safety.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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