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Effect of Conductivity and Environmental Pressure on Electro-Plasma Process (EPP)

[+] Author Affiliations
M. A. Wahab, Jiandong Liang, Shengmin Guo

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

Paper No. IMECE2009-12863, pp. 83-91; 9 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 14: Processing and Engineering Applications of Novel Materials
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4387-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Electrolytic plasma process is an efficient surface modification method for metallic materials. With proper control of the process parameters Electro-Plasma Process (EPP) could generate unique surface morphology, which is suitable for effective cleaning of the metallic surfaces and inherently, good adhesion strength can be achieved for eventual coating the surfaces. Increasing input voltage beyond the conventional Faraday region of electrolysis, luminous discharge is observed on the surface of one of the electrodes. The electrode surface must be covered by layers of bubbles before the discharge could be set in. The discharge of energy is then taken place in an explosive way with localized high temperature. The combination of heat and kinetic impact could effectively remove the surface contaminants and could produce a unique surface morphology. In this paper, the conditions of process control parameters and the resultant surface conditions that could be achieved are studied. It has been found that elevated temperature is beneficial towards the plasma formation on electrodes; and the increase of temperature essentially increases the kinetic energy of electrons in the electrolytic solution and a high electrolyte temperature assists the boiling process and the chemical reactions that generate bubbles. The conductivity of the electrolytic solution could also affect the threshold voltage and the current density, but the total power input does not vary significantly with conductivity. Environmental pressure has been proved to be the single most critical important factor for Electro Plasma Process; and by increasing the pressure level the total breakdown energy tends to increase and more importantly, the resultant surfaces manifest that the energy consumed for surface modification increases with pressure.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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