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Shear Stress Measurement in Microfluidic Systems: Liquid Crystal Technique

[+] Author Affiliations
Joseph Martel, Bradford A. Bruno

Union College, Schenectady, NY

Paper No. IMECE2008-68708, pp. 2009-2018; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2008-68708
From:
  • ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B, and C
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, October 31–November 6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4871-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3840-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

Preliminary work towards developing a liquid crystal based technique for direct shear stress measurements over solid surfaces in microfluidic systems is presented. The microfluidic slug flow study which motivated the development of this technique is presented, as is general background on microfluidics. The theory of shear sensitive liquid crystals is reviewed and then expanded upon in regards to the specific type of flow considered in this study; slug flow. A prototype apparatus is described which is capable of generating slugs, and has appropriate optical access to test the liquid crystal shear stress measurement technique. The microchannel (150μm × 250μm laser etched glass), auxiliary flow (Cole-Parmer Infusion 100 Syringe Pump), and optical data collection (Olympus BX51 microscope) subsystems are all described in detail. Procedures for applying the cholesteric liquid crystal mixtures obtained through Pressure Chemicals Ltd. to the microchannel and for collecting liquid crystal data are described as well. Finally, preliminary results are presented, the current status of the technique is stated along with proposed directions for future research work.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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