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Diesel Particulate Filter Model With Detailed Permeability Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Charles E. Sprouse, III, Michael D. Mangus, Christopher D. Depcik

University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS

Paper No. IMECE2011-63687, pp. 1589-1596; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-63687
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; Combustion Science and Engineering; Nanoengineering for Energy, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5490-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Recent legislation of engine exhaust Particulate Matter (PM) emission levels cannot be met with in-cylinder PM reduction techniques, thus resulting in the need for a Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF). Modern DPFs use a honeycomb of long channels with porous walls in order to filter PM with near 100% efficiency. They must be designed to balance trapping efficiency and pressure drop, as flow restriction decreases engine efficiency. This paper describes the construction of two Matlab models in order to predict properties within the filter. Two methods for simultaneously solving the differential conservation equations along with the algebraic ideal gas law in the inlet and outlet channels have been developed. The first method solves the channel equations by transforming the differential algebraic equations (DAEs) into an ordinary differential equation (ODE) system. In addition, a second method is developed that directly solves DAE systems of index-one. In order to link the inlet and outlet channel profiles, modeling of the wall flow is necessary. Four permeability models from different disciplines are used in Darcy’s law to determine their applicability in calculating DPF wall velocity profiles. The resulting inlet, wall, and outlet parameters are compared with published results to demonstrate each model’s accuracy.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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