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Critical Heat Flux by High Velocity Liquid Flow in Narrow Rectangular Channel

[+] Author Affiliations
Hisashi Sakurai, Hiroyasu Ohtake

Kogakuin University, Tokyo, Japan

Yasuo Koizumi

Shinshu University, Ueda-shi, Nagano, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2008-67945, pp. 1853-1858; 6 pages
  • ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B, and C
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, October 31–November 6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4871-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3840-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Experiments of critical heat flux of extremely thin-fast plate jet film sub-cooled flow were conducted. The extremely thin-fast film-type jet of sub-cooled water was erupted into a stagnant pool. The heat transfer is augmented by the fast jet flow on the heat transfer surface. Vapor generated on the surface is easily taken away from the surface by the fast jet flow and leaves upward from the surface. The static head of water in the pool depress down the fast film-type jet flow on to the heat transfer surface and may collapse the vapor film that is formed between the heat transfer surface and the fast film flow. All these combine to have the possibility to improve the critical heat flux. In the experiments, the liquid sub-cooling was in the range of 30 ∼ 70 K. The thickness of the jet film was 0.2 mm and 0.5 mm. The width of the jet film was 2 mm. The velocity of the erupting jet film was 5.0 ∼ 32 m/s. The heat transfer surface was 2.0 × 2.0 mm heated electrically. The heat transfer surface was placed on the bottom of the pool. The fast-thin film jet was erupted on the bottom of the pool parallel to the heat transfer surface. Bubble behavior generated on the heat transfer surface was recorded by a high speed video camera at 10,000 frames/s. The highest critical heat flux obtained up to now is 3.2 × 107 W/m2 . The analytical model of the critical heat flux for the present flow system will be presented.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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