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Convection and Transport in a Differentially Heated Enclosure Filled With Supercritical Carbon Dioxide: Short- and Long-Time Solutions

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhiheng Lei, Bakhtier Farouk

Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA

Paper No. IMECE2008-68390, pp. 1769-1777; 9 pages
  • ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B, and C
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, October 31–November 6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4871-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3840-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Supercritical fluids are characterized by high densities, high thermal conductivities (compared to gases) and low viscosities, but low thermal diffusivities (compared to liquids). Due to the high compressibility, thermally induced acoustic waves are generated when supercritical fluids are heated/cooled along any bounding surface. In this study, we obtain both short- and long-time solutions for convective flows in a supercritical carbon dioxide filled enclosure. The NIST database 12 [1] is used to obtain the property relations for supercritical carbon dioxide. The generation and propagation of themoacoustic waves produced immediately after rapid heating of a wall are investigated by solving the fully compressible Navier-Stokes equations with an accurate equation of state, via a high-order explicit numerical scheme. For longer time solutions, when the acoustic waves damp out, an implicit solution algorithm is used to simulate the heat transfer in the above enclosure filled with supercritical carbon dioxide for longer periods time. This novel scheme allows us to investigate convective flows in an enclosure filled with supercritical fluid in a comprehensive manner.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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