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Effect of Coriolis Forces in a Rotating Channel With Dimples and Protrusions

[+] Author Affiliations
Mohammad A. Elyyan, Danesh K. Tafti

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. IMECE2008-66677, pp. 1093-1102; 10 pages
  • ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B, and C
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, October 31–November 6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4871-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3840-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


The use of dimple-protrusions for internal cooling of rotating turbine blades has been investigated. A channel with dimple imprint diameter to channel height ratio (H/D = 1.0), dimple depth to channel height ratio (δ/H = 0.2), spanwise and streamwise pitch to channel height ratios (P/H = S/H = 1.62) was modeled. Four rotation numbers; Rob = 0.0, 0.15, 0.39, and 0.64, at nominal flow Reynolds number, ReH = 10000, were investigated to quantify the effect of Coriolis forces on the flow structure and heat transfer in the channel. Under the influence of rotation, the leading (protrusion) side of the channel showed weaker flow impingement, larger wakes and delayed flow reattachment with increasing rotation number. The trailing (dimple) side experienced a smaller recirculation region inside the dimple and stronger flow ejection from the dimple cavity with increasing rotation. Secondary flow structures in the cross-section played a major role in transporting momentum away from the trailing side at high rotation numbers and limiting heat transfer augmentation. While heat transfer augmentation on the trailing side increases by over 90% at Rob = 0.64, overall Nusselt number and friction coefficient augmentation ratios decrease from 2.5 to 2.05, and 5.74 to 4.78, respectively, as rotation increased from Rob = 0 to Rob = 0.64.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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