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Transient Heat Transfer for Carbon Dioxide Flowing Over a Horizontal Plate With Exponentially Increasing Heat Input

[+] Author Affiliations
Makoto Shibahara, Qiusheng Liu, Katsuya Fukuda

Kobe University, Kobe, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2008-68603, pp. 921-928; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2008-68603
From:
  • ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B, and C
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, October 31–November 6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4871-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3840-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

Transient heat transfer coefficients for carbon-dioxide gas flowing over a horizontal plate (ribbon) at various periods of exponentially increasing heat input was experimentally and theoretically studied. In the experimental studies, transient heat transfer coefficients were measured under various velocities and periods. The platinum plate with a thickness of 0.1 mm was used as test heater and heated by electric current. The heat generation rate was exponentially increased with a function of Q0 exp(t/τ). The gas flow velocities ranged from 1 to 3 m/s, the gas temperatures ranged from 313 K to 353 K, and the periods of heat generation rate ranged from 46 ms to 17 s. The surface temperature and heat flux increase exponentially as the heat generation rate increases with the exponential function. It was clarified that the heat transfer coefficient approaches the quasi-steady-state one for the period longer than about 1 s, and it becomes higher for the period shorter than around 1 s. In the theoretical study, forced convection transient heat transfer was numerically solved based on a conventional turbulent flow model. The temperature within the boundary layer around the heater increases with the increase of the surface temperature. It is understood that the gradient of the temperature distribution near the wall of the plate is higher at a higher surface temperature difference. The values of numerical solutions for the heat fluxes agree well with the experimental data, though the numerical solutions for surface temperatures show some differences with the experimental data.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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