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On Length Scales for the Radial Rotating Jet Pressure Exchange Mechanism

[+] Author Affiliations
Muhammad Umar

Center of Excellence in Science and Applied Technologies, Islamabad, Pakistan

Charles A. Garris

George Washington University, Washington, DC

Paper No. IMECE2008-66666, pp. 829-834; 6 pages
  • ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B, and C
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, October 31–November 6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4871-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3840-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


The crypto-steady rotating jet pressure exchange ejector is a novel concept in turbomachinery where two fluids, at different energy levels, come in direct contact with each other to transfer energy and momentum between them through non-steady interface pressure forces. The current paper seeks to provide an insight into the complex flow phenomena occurring inside the radial flow pressure exchange ejector. The primary mechanisms controlling the process are pressure exchange and mixing. This paper will seek to discriminate between energy transfer by each respective mechanism. The energy and momentum transfer in the near field is shown to be mainly due to the pressure exchange process, as the mixing layer does not develop substantially in this region. As the radius increases, the mixing layer tends to grow and the energy and momentum transfer is governed by the mixing process. As a consequence, the length scales of the pressure exchange zone are small, thus making the pressure exchange ejector more compact in size. The paper will delineate between the two length scales. If this new concept is shown to be viable for gas compression at sufficiently high pressure ratios, then, in refrigeration applications, it would enable environmentally benign refrigerants to replace the harmful chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) and reduce the effluence of greenhouse gases. Applications in many other areas, where conventional ejectors are currently used, are also possible.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Pressure , Mechanisms



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