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Brownian Dynamics Simulations of a Dispersion Composed of Two-Types of Spherical Particles (for Development of a New Technology of Improving the Visibility of Rivers and Lakes)

[+] Author Affiliations
Akira Satoh, Eiji Taneko

Akita Prefectural University, Yurihonjo, Akita, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2008-67142, pp. 137-145; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2008-67142
From:
  • ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B, and C
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, October 31–November 6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4871-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3840-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

We have carried out Brownian dynamics simulations of sedimentation phenomena of a dispersion composed of two-kinds of spherical particles in water under the gravity field. This study may be the first step to develop a new technology which enables us to improve the visibility of rivers and lakes. In the present study, we have modeled sub-micrometer-dimension particles, or dirty particles in lakes, as small spherical particles, and capturing particles as large spherical particles; these two kinds of particles conduct Brownian motion in water, and large particles adsorb small particles to sediment gradually toward the bottom in the gravity field. From the results of Brownian dynamics simulations, the influences of Brownian motion, particle-particle interaction forces, the size of each particle, and the gravity force on the performance of the adsorption of large particles have been discussed. In addition, we have discussed what the most appropriate situation of large particles is to accomplish the most effective adsorption rate or improve the visibility of water most effectively in terms of capturing particles. The most important conclusion derived from the present results is that, in order to improve the capturing performance, the Brownian motion of large particles have to be activated in an appropriate number density without losing the influence of the gravity.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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