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Experimental Studies of Adiabatic Flow Boiling in Fractal-Like Branching Micro-Channels

[+] Author Affiliations
Brian J. Daniels

Xerox Corp., Wilsonville, OR

James A. Liburdy, Deborah V. Pence

Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR

Paper No. IMECE2008-69240, pp. 107-117; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2008-69240
From:
  • ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B, and C
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, October 31–November 6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4871-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3840-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

Experimental results of adiabatic boiling of water flowing through a fractal-like branching microchannel network are presented and compared to numerical simulations for identical flow conditions. The fractal-like branching channel network had channel length and width ratios between adjacent branching levels of 0.7071, a total flow length of 18 mm, a channel height of 150 μm and a terminal channel width of 100 μm. The channels were DRIE etched into a silicon disk and pyrex was anodically bonded to the silicon to form the channel top and allowed visualization of the flow within the channels. The water flowed from the center of the disk where the inlet was laser cut through the silicon to the periphery of the disc. The flow rates ranged from 100 to 225 g/min and the inlet subcooling levels varied from 0.5 to 6 °C. Pressure drop across the channel as well as void fraction in each branching level were measured for each of the test conditions. The measured pressure drop ranged from 20 to 90 kPa, and the measured void fraction ranged from 0.3 to 0.9. The pressure drop results agree well with the numerical predictions. The measured void fraction results followed the same trends as the numerical results.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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