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Effect of Geometric Parameters of Superhydrophobic Surface on Liquid Slip

[+] Author Affiliations
Choongyeop Lee, Chang-Jin Kim

University of California - Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA

Chang-Hwan Choi

Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ

Paper No. IMECE2008-68190, pp. 77-86; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2008-68190
From:
  • ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B, and C
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, October 31–November 6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4871-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3840-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

In this paper, we experimentally study how geometric parameters of textured hydrophobic surfaces affect a liquid slip, empowered by a custom-tuned microfabrication procedure that produces regular micro-patterns of posts and grates on an entire 4” wafer with a good size uniformity and no defect. A pitch of the patterns and a gas fraction of the structured surface are independently controlled, and the slip length over each type of patterns is measured using a rheometer system. On both grates and posts, the slip length increases linearly with a pitch but exponentially with a gas fraction. The trend of exponential increase by gas fraction appears more pronounced on posts than on grates. The defect-free surfaces allow the flows to maintain a de-wetted (Cassie) state at much higher pitches and gas fractions than previously possible, permitting flows with the maximum slip effect.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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