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A Mathematical Model to Decrease Obesity in the UAE

[+] Author Affiliations
Sara Azzeh, Omar Alhussain, Sara Abu Samra

Khalifa University of Science, Technology and Research, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Paper No. IMECE2011-65871, pp. 385-390; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-65871
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 2: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering; Nanoengineering for Medicine and Biology
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5488-4
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Obesity is becoming a major problem all over the world, and it is severely affecting the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This inspired us to create a mathematical model that allows predicting the weight, as a function of time, based on two factors: diet and exercise. An early model dealing with diet only was used as a starting point, and then the exercise component was added based on an experiment we have performed where a group of students, wearing pedometers, have walked on a treadmill for thirty minutes in an average temperature between 20 to 25 degrees Celsius, with fixed speed. Data was collected and used to calculate the relation between weight and the energy burned, then Mathematica® was used to find how many days a person needs in order to reach his ideal weight calculated based on the Body Mass Index (BMI). Finally, we analyze the model, show that it is realistic with identified limitations, and we present future perspectives.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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