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Numerical Study of Mist Film Cooling in Combustor at Operating Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
Srinivasa Rao Para, Xianchang Li, Ganesh Subbuswamy

Lamar University, Beaumont, TX

Paper No. IMECE2009-12996, pp. 2179-2188; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-12996
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

To improve the gas turbine thermal performance, apart from using a high compression ratio, the turbine inlet temperature must be increased. Therefore, the gas temperature inside the combustion chamber needs to be maintained at a very high level. Hence, cooling of the combustor liner becomes critical. Among all the cooling techniques, film cooling has been successfully applied to cool the combustor liner. In film cooling, coolant air is introduced through discrete holes and forms a thin film between the hot gases and the inner surface of the liner, so that the inner wall can be protected from overheating. The film will be destroyed in the downstream flow because of mixing of hot and cold gases. The present work focuses on numerical study of film cooling under operating conditions, i.e., high temperature and pressure. The effect of coolant injection angles and blowing ratios on film cooling effectiveness is studied. A promising technology, cooling with mist injection, is studied under operating conditions. The effect of droplet size and mist concentration is also analyzed. The results of this study indicate that the film cooling effectiveness can increase ∼11% at gas turbine operating conditions with mist injection of 2% coolant air when droplets of 10μm and a blowing ratio of 1.0 are applied. The cooling performance can be further improved by higher mist concentration. The commercial CFD software, Fluent 6.3.26, is used in this study and the standard k-ε model with enhanced wall functions is adopted as the turbulence model.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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