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Experimental Simulation of Contaminant Deposition on a Film Cooled Turbine Airfoil Leading Edge

[+] Author Affiliations
Jason E. Albert, Kelly J. Keefe, David G. Bogard

University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Paper No. IMECE2009-11582, pp. 2123-2133; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-11582
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

A significant challenge of utilizing coal-derived synthetic fuels for gas turbine engines is mitigating the adverse effects of fuel-born contaminant depositions on film cooled turbine surfaces. A new experimental technique has been developed that simulates the key physical, but not the chemical, aspects of coal ash deposition on film cooled turbine airfoil leading edges in order to better understand the interaction between film cooling and deposition and to produce improved film cooling designs. In this large-scale wind tunnel facility, the depositing contaminants were simulated by atomized molten wax droplets sized to match the Stokes numbers of coal ash particles in the engine conditions. The sticking mechanism of the molten contaminants to the turbine surfaces was simulated by ensuring the wax droplets remained somewhat molten when they arrived at the cooled model surface. The model and wax deposits had thermal conductivities such that they matched the Biot numbers of clean and fouled turbine airfoils at engine conditions. The behavior of the deposition growth was controlled by adjusting the mainstream, coolant, and wax solidification temperatures. Simulated depositions were created for a range of test durations, film cooling blowing ratios, and controlling temperatures. Inspection of the resulting depositions revealed aspects of the flow field that augment and suppress deposition. Deposition thickness was found to increase in time until a quasi-steady thickness was attained. Blowing ratio and the difference between mainstream and wax solidification temperatures strongly affected characteristics of the depositions. Model surface temperatures greatly reduced under the depositions as they developed.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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